24 Oct actions to structuring a technology paper editors will require really
An experienced editor gives advice to obtain your projects posted in a worldwide journal
By Angel Borja, PhD Posted on 24 2014 Updated on 10 July 2019 june
Editor’s note: This 2014 post conveys the advice of a researcher sharing their experience and will not represent Elsevier’s policy. But, as a result to your feedback, we worked so it reflects our practices with him to update this post. As an example, we have worked extensively with researchers to raise visibility of non-English language research since it was published. – July 10, 2019
Upgrade: in reaction to your feedback, we now have reinstated the initial text to help you observe it absolutely was revised. – July 11, 2019
Simple tips to make a manuscript for international journals — Part 2
In this series that is monthly Dr. Angel Borja attracts on their considerable history as a writer, reviewer and editor to offer suggestions about planning the manuscript (author’s view), the assessment procedure (reviewer’s view) and exactly just what there was to hate or love in a paper (editor’s view).
This short article may be the 2nd within the show. The article that is first: “Six things to do before composing your manuscript.”divider
Dr. Angel Borja is Head of Projects at AZTI-Tecnalia, an extensive research center within the Basque nation in Spain focusing on marine research and meals technologies. Previously he had been also Head associated with Department of Oceanography and Head associated with the Marine Management region. Their primary subject of research is marine ecology, and has now posted significantly more than 270 contributions, from where 150 have been in over 40 peer-reviewed journals, through their long job of 32 many years of research. During this period he’s got examined in numerous topics and ecosystem elements, having an sufficient and view that is multidisciplinary of research.
Find out more about their work on ResearchGate, ORCID and LinkedIn, and follow him on Twitter (@AngelBorjaYerro).
When you organize your manuscript, the very first thing to take into account is the fact that purchase of sections is going to be extremely diverse from your order of things for you list.
A write-up starts with all the Title, Abstract and Keywords.
The content text follows the IMRAD format, which responds towards the relevant concerns below:
- Introduction: What did you/others do? Why did you do it?
- Techniques: How did you are doing it?
- Results: just What do you will find?
- Discussion: So what does it all mean?
The text that is main accompanied by the final outcome, Acknowledgements, References and Supporting Materials.
While this is the posted framework, nonetheless, we usually make use of order that is different writing.
Procedures to organizing your manuscript
- Prepare the numbers and tables.
- Write the strategy.
- Jot down the outcomes.
- Write the Discussion. Finalize the outcomes and Discussion before composing the introduction. The reason being, in the event that discussion is inadequate, how will you objectively indicate the significance that is scientific of work with the introduction?
- Write a definite summary.
- Compose a compelling introduction.
- Write the Abstract.
- Write a descriptive and concise Title.
- Select Keywords for indexing.
- Write the Acknowledgements.
- Jot down the Sources.
Then, I’ll review each step in detail. But before you attempted to compose a paper, there are 2 considerations you ought to accomplish that will set the groundwork for your procedure.
- This issue to be examined must be the issue that is first be resolved. Define your theory and goals (These is certainly going in the Introduction.)
- Review the literary works regarding the subject and choose some documents (about 30) that may be cited in your paper (These will likely be listed in the recommendations.)
Finally, take into account that each publisher features its own design recommendations and choices, therefore consult the publisher always’s Guide for Authors.divider
Step one: Prepare the numbers and tables
Keep in mind that “a figure will probably be worth a thousand terms.” Thus, pictures, including numbers and tables, would be the most efficient method to provide your outcomes. Important computer data would be the driving force of this paper pay for essay, which means that your pictures are critical!
How will you determine between presenting your data as tables or numbers? Generally speaking, tables provide the real results that are experimental while numbers tend to be employed for evaluations of experimental results with those of past works, or with calculated/theoretical values (Figure 1).
Whatever your preference is, no pictures should duplicate the given information described somewhere else when you look at the manuscript.
Another factor that is important figure and dining dining table legends should be self-explanatory (Figure 2).
When presenting your tables and figures, appearances count! For this end:
- Avoid crowded plots (Figure 3), only using 3 or 4 information sets per figure; usage scales that are well-selected.
- Think about appropriate axis label size
- Add clear symbols and information sets which can be very easy to differentiate.
- Never ever consist of long bland tables ( e.g., chemical compositions of emulsion systems or listings of types and abundances). They can be included by you as additional material.
Each must have a scale marker, or scale bar, of professional quality in one corner if you are using photographs.
In photographs and numbers, utilize color only once necessary when publishing up to a print book. If various line designs can make clear this is, avoid using colors or other thrilling effects or you’ll be faced with high priced charges. Of course, this doesn’t use to online journals. For several journals, you are able to submit duplicate figures: one in color for the version that is online of log and pdfs, and another in black colored and white for the hardcopy journal (Figure 4).
Another problem that is common the abuse of lines and histograms. Lines joining information just can be utilized whenever presenting time show or consecutive examples data ( e.g., in a transect from coast to offshore in Figure 5). Nevertheless, if you have no connection between samples or there isn’t a gradient, you need to make use of histograms (Figure 5).
Often, fonts are way too little for the log. You have to simply just take this into consideration, or they might be illegible to visitors (Figure 6).
Finally, you need to look closely at the application of decimals, lines, etc. (Figure 7)
Step 2: Write the techniques
This section reacts towards the relevant concern of the way the issue ended up being examined. In case your paper is proposing a method that is new you’ll want to add detailed information so an educated audience can replicate the experiment.
Nonetheless, usually do not duplicate the important points of founded techniques; use recommendations and materials that are supporting suggest the formerly posted procedures. Broad summaries or key recommendations are adequate.