Postcoital rupture that is vaginal hysterectomy presenting as generalised peritonitis

Postcoital rupture that is vaginal hysterectomy presenting as generalised peritonitis

Postcoital rupture that is vaginal hysterectomy presenting as generalised peritonitis

Postcoital genital rupture is an uncommon but well documented problem of hysterectomy. Evisceration for the tiny intestine, genital bleeding and pelvic discomfort are normal presenting features. We report the case that is unusual of rupture presenting with generalised peritonitis without genital evisceration.

Postcoital rupture that is vaginal an unusual but well documented problem of hysterectomy. Evisceration associated with tiny intestine is a very common presenting function and might be followed by genital bleeding and pain that is pelvic. These symptoms frequently happen during or immediately after sexual intercourse therefore the diagnosis is self obvious. We report the uncommon instance of genital rupture presenting with generalised peritonitis without genital evisceration 4 times after sex and 10 months after a laparoscopic hysterectomy.

Situation history

A woman that is 35-year-old to your accident and crisis division by having a 4-day reputation for stomach discomfort. The pain was generalised, colicky and modern in nature. It absolutely was related to anorexia, vomiting and constipation for 48 hours. She admitted to being intimately active but denied any unusual genital release or bleeding. At that time, neither ended up being she asked straight or perhaps a start of discomfort coincided with sexual activity nor did she volunteer these details. Her past health background contained a laparoscopic hysterectomy ten months earlier in the day for dysfunctional uterine bleeding and pelvic discomfort, hypothyroidism and cranky bowel problem.

On assessment, the in-patient seemed unwell with significant stomach discomfort. Initial findings revealed a temperature of 37.4єC, a blood that is systolic of 121mmHg and a tachycardia of 103 beats each minute. Her stomach had been swollen with generalised tenderness and peritonism. Rectal and examinations that are vaginal maybe perhaps perhaps not done when you look at the crisis division. Inflammatory markers had been raised having a white cellular count of 15.9 x 103/µl and a C-reactive protein standard of 180mg/l. Ordinary x-rays of this chest and stomach showed dilated small bowel loops and free atmosphere underneath the diaphragm ( Fig 1 ).

Preoperative chest x-ray showing free atmosphere under the diaphragm

She ended up being referred towards the on-call basic doctor with peritonitis additional to a perforation of a viscus that is hollow. The on-call surgeon that is general the findings and diagnosis and proceeded to a crisis laparotomy. At surgery, pneumoperitoneum had been discovered with just minimal purulent contamination regarding the abdominal cavity. legit An intensive study of the belly, little bowel and colon did not determine a perforation. a better assessment associated with pelvis revealed a perforated stump that is vaginal localised adhesions. The genital stump problem had been closed with nonabsorbable sutures and a washout of this peritoneal cavity ended up being done. a pelvic drain had been kept in situ. The patient’s course that is postoperative combined with discomfort and ongoing sepsis but there is a beneficial reaction to intravenous antibiotics without any further complications. On direct questioning at this time, she confirmed that her signs had started immediately after sexual activity. She had been released house in the 7th day that is postoperative.


Rupture regarding the genital vault is an unusual but well recognised complication of hysterectomy, separate of medical approach. It could take place throughout the very first postoperative work of sex, 1 within months of surgery 2 or since belated as 15 years after surgery. 3 people with postcoital rupture that is vaginal current within twenty four hours of this occasion 2 , 4 and report a primary relationship with sexual activity. Evisceration of this tiny bowel, pelvic discomfort and genital bleeding are normal features 5 , 6 while making the diagnosis self evident.

Our situation is uncommon for many reasons. Firstly, there clearly was a large wait in presentation: the individual delivered four times following the precipitating occasion. Next, she did not volunteer details about the start of her signs coinciding because of the work of sexual activity. Thirdly, she had medical findings of generalised peritonitis and never the standard symptoms that are vaginalevisceration of little bowel, bleeding). Because of this, she had been known a basic doctor and to not ever a gynaecologist.

An intensive search of PubMed identified just one comparable reported instance of atypical presentation of postcoital rupture that is vaginal the findings had been of localised peritonitis just. 7 in comparison, a literature that is comprehensive in 2002 posted by Ramirez and Klemer with this subject found 59 instances of post-hysterectomy genital evisceration during a period of over a hundred years. 6 many of these situations took place in postmenopausal females, a tremendously patient that is different to your instance. Coitus had been the most typical factor that is causative significant genital vault upheaval in the premenopausal patients. In hindsight, a more inquiry that is focused preoperative genital assessment inside our client might have revealed the diagnosis.

We’ve reported this instance to emphasize genital vault rupture as an uncommon but feasible reason behind generalised peritonitis in this subgroup of females. Where hardly any other cause is clear, a concentrated gynaecological history and assessment must be acquired to assist diagnosis and direct administration underneath the appropriate team that is surgical. General surgeons should know this uncommon reason for pneumoperitoneum and peritonitis because the preoperative diagnosis may effortlessly be missed plus an inexperienced doctor could even skip the diagnosis intraoperatively, ensuing in an erroneously negative laparotomy.

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